So I had a bit further investigation and TA do preserve the attribute type. So there isn't an issue.
If you go to the feature editing in TA it displays number but in reality, it does store it as an integer (this will be modified in a future release, if it's an integer it will display integer).
The problem is coming from the format file you are using. I'm not sure what format file you can be imported in Magnet, maybe a CSV could work?
Trimble Docushare you can found additional Style Sheets which might be a bit better for your workflow. Also, you can create your own or talk to your dealer he might be able to create one for you.